Thursday, September 3, 2020

Module 5 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Module 5 - Essay Example The quantity of visits made have a mean of 2.86 with a fluctuation of 4.87. The standard deviation is 2.21 affirming the spread of the information. Gathering A has wide varieties regarding among the gathering perceptions. As Richmond, R (2006) puts it, the measure of varieties in a gathering decide how the components of the gathering are spread and how the distinctions add up to. The laborers in bunch An are very not quite the same as one another and it won't be a smart thought to enlist them because of this. The two gatherings have a similar mean of 79.1 yet the laborers in bunch B have nearly similar attributes than in bunch A. With regards to getting the administrations of a specific gathering, Group B is in all likelihood because of its homogeneity. Gathering A has a standard deviation high over the normal of 24.12. In business, the mean is the best proportion of focal propensity. For instance when you are announcing the business you made in a day, the mean in the figure to utilize sine it shows what you have done in by and large. Then again, while managing in shares, the middle is the most significant as it shows the value which is the desire for some. It shows where numerous individuals might want or got their offers in. In sends out, the mode is the most significant since it decides the recurrence of working together just as the normal benefit. Mode is likewise relevant when one is managing expectation of future business

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet 5 Free Essays

Favorable circumstances DISADVANTAGES OF INTERNET GOOD MORNING TO MY RESPECTED TEACHER AND MY FELLOW FRIENDS TODAY I M GONNA PRESENT A SPEECH ON ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF INTERNET BEFORE COMING TO THE POINT I WOULD LIKE TO SAY SOME FACTS ABOUT INTERNET WHAT IS INTERNET? As per THE DEFINATION PROVIDED BY OXFORD DICTIONARY, THE INTERNET IS AN ARRANGEMENT OF CONNECTED COMPUTERS,WHICH LETS THE COMPUTER USERS ALL OVER THE GLOBE EXCHANGE DATA. AT THE PRESENT TIME, APPROXIMATELY 33% OF THE WORLD POPULATION HAS ACCESSIBILITY TO THE INTERNET. THE INTERNET IS AN EXTAORDINARY ENTERTAINMENT AND LEARNING TOOL THAT MAY BE UTILIZED IN A NUMBER OF MODES TO INCREASE THE ABILITY OF A USER TO COLLECT INFORMATION. We will compose a custom article test on Preferences and Disadvantages of Internet 5 or on the other hand any comparative subject just for you Request Now THE PRINCIPLE COMPONENTS OF THE INTERNET ARE THE WORLD WIDE WEB(WWW) AND E-MAIL INTERNET WAS CREATED IN THE UNITED STATES BY THE †UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF Defense ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY†(known as DARPA). IT WAS FIRST CONNECTED IN OCTOBER,1969. THE WORLD WIDE WEB WAAS CREATED IN SWITZERLAND IN 1989 BY A BRITISH MAN NAMED TIM BERNEERS-LEE. THE ALTERNATIVE NAME â€Å"NET† CAME FROM â€Å"INTERNET† The upsides of Internet Following are the focal points given by the Internet: ) Information The greatest advantage offered by the Internet is data. It works as a significant asset of data. You can discover any sort of data regarding any matter with the assistance of the web indexes like Yahoo and Google. 2) Communication The essential objective of the Internet is correspondence. It has done amazingly well in this field, anyway the improvement procedure is as yet proceeding to make it progressively reliable and snappy. By sending an email, we can contact an individual who is truly present thousand miles away inside the division of a second’s time. 3) Entertainment Internet works as a famous vehicle of diversion. A wide assortment of diversion including computer games, music, motion pictures, visit room, news and others can be gotten to through the Internet. 4) E-trade E-trade is the possibility that is executed for any type of business procedure or business exchanges that involves transmission of information starting with one corner of the world then onto the next. Online business has become an awesome alternative through which you can shop anything. 6) Services An assortment of administrations are offered by means of Internet, for instance work looking, web based banking, purchasing film tickets, inn reservations and conference administrations and so forth. At the point when you profit these administrations disconnected, they become progressively costly. The disservices of Internet Following are the impediments of Internet: 1) Spamming: Spamming indicates dispersion of spontaneous messages in enormous numbers. They are pointless and they superfluously obstruct the entire framework. These exercises are treated as unlawful. 2) Theft of individual subtleties While utilizing the Internet, there is high likelihood that your own subtleties like name, address and Visa number might be gotten to by cheats and utilized for fake purposes. ) Pornography: Pornography is unquestionably unsafe for your youngsters. There are various explicit locales accessible over the Internet and observing any of those can have terrible effect on the psychological wellness of your kids. 4) Virus danger Virus is a program that intrudes on the typical activity of your PC framework. PCs connected to the Internet have high likelihood of infection assaults and because of this your hard circle can crash, giving you a ton of difficulty. The most effective method to refer to Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet 5, Papers

Friday, August 21, 2020

Case Brief free essay sample

The Superior Court of Philadelphia County certified and Plaintiffs Appealed. The Supreme Court of Pennsylvania insisted. Issue: Did Defendant owe Plaintiff, at the hour of the mishap, an obligation of care when Plaintiff would one say one was mile away from the location of the mishap? Holding: Where a nearby relative is absent at the area of the mishap and rather takes in of the mishap from an outsider, the earlier information scholarly of the mishap fills in as a cradle against the undeniable effect of watching the mishap scene. Demeanor: Order attested. Lawful Rationale: Offended parties contends recuperation under the â€Å"reasonably Foreseeability† test, which would permit a Plaintiff outside the â€Å"Zone of Danger† to recoup, which was received in Sinn v. Burd, 486 Pa. 146 (1979). The Court expressed accordingly that the Plaintiff’s adaptable translation of the â€Å"jurisprudential idea †¦which require[s] that the defendant’s penetrate of an obligation of care proximately causes plaintiff’s injury,† was imperfect. We will compose a custom article test on Case Brief or then again any comparable theme explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Additionally, that â€Å"at some point along the causal chain, the progression of time and the range of separation command a cut-off point for risk. † Id. Equity Nix, citing Justice Andrew’s disagree in Palsgraf v. Long Island R. R. , 248 N. Y. ,352 contended open arrangement can't permit the Defendant to be answerable for each unforeseeable proximate reason that thus results from of the Defendant’s careless lead. Equity Nix as a matter of fact cites Sinn v. Burd, 486 Pa. , that â€Å"the respondent carried out owe a responsibility of care to the bystander†¦Ã¢â‚¬  However, he additionally notes â€Å"[f]oreseeability goes into the assurance of obligation in deciding if the passionate wounds continued by the offended party were sensibly predictable to the litigant. † Mazzagati at. 75. Equity Nix states that the Court has embraced the Dillon v. Legg, 68 Cal. 2d 728 () parameters in deciding if the case for Negligent Infliction of Emotional Distress was sensibly predictable. Equity Nix, besides, cites that the movement of the law and open strategy uncovers that: ‘[O]nly a couple of locales perceive the pr ivilege of the offended party observer who didn't endure an effect, was not in dread of his own wellbeing, and those purviews necessitate that the serious enthusiastic trouble to the offended party result from the immediate and contemporaneous recognition of the mishap. Mazzagati at. 276. Nix favors a commitment meaning of â€Å"duty† instead of a â€Å"causal grouping of occasions. † Mazzagati at. 278. In summation, Justice Nix held that the Defendant’s direct was not careless in light of the fact that it didn't include an intrusion of the Plaintiff’s lawful right, in this manner making the case unactionable. [ 1 ]. In Dillon, it was held that a reason for activity is expressed when the accompanying rules are met: (1) Whether the offended party was situated close to the location of the mishap as appeared differently in relation to one who was a good ways from it; (2) Whether the stun came about because of a direct enthusiastic effect upon the offended party from the tangible and contemporaneous observances of the mishap, as stood out from taking in of the mishap from others after its event; and (3) Whether offended party and the casualty were firmly related as diverged from a nonappearance of any relationship or the nearness of just a far off relationship.

Tuesday, June 9, 2020

The New Digital LSAT is Coming to an LSAT Testing Center Near You in July

The Law School Admissions Council (LSAC) is rolling out a couple of changes for test-takers this summer. First, the LSAT is going digital. It’s about time, right? As a former admissions committee member, reading handwritten LSAT writing samples was a struggle. I counseled many applicants to take the sample seriously – committees read it – and to try not writing like a serial killer. Seriously, some writing samples were hard to get through. A digital test is great for all constituents! Benefits of the new digital LSAT: Eliminating human error The good folks at LSAC very slowly pursued this new computerized format for good reason: they were developing their own platform to best serve the integrity of the test. In July, LSAC will administer the test digitally to half of the test-takers after years of research and planning. Those taking the test digitally will receive a tablet with their registration information preloaded, streamlining the entire process from start to finish. No separate answer sheets or No.2 pencils needed. No longer will admissions committees receive an LSAT addendum with the sentences – â€Å"I realized I mis-bubbled a whole section on the answer sheet† or â€Å"The proctor did not announce time remaining appropriately.† These types of human error will become obsolete as takers are answering directly on the tablet and will have onscreen time notifications. It appears the test will be user-friendly in all facets. hbspt.cta.load(58291, '8faaf271-80cb-41b3-a622-71c8cc152e73', {}); Digital LSAT tip: Stay cool! Hopefully, the years of research and planning will mean a smooth rollout in July and all possible issues will have been contrived and solved prior to administration. If you are one of the lucky July tablet test-takers, remember to keep your cool in the face of any malfunctions – LSAC will have extra tablets on hand to swap out almost immediately and know that all of your work will be saved every ten seconds or so. The LSAC is confident that they are ready for the transition to digital and will provide test-takers with the best exam experience available. As a test-taker, remember, even in its new user-friendly iteration, the LSAT should not be taken lightly. Study and prepare in advance. Don’t take an official test â€Å"to see how you will do.† That is why practice tests exist. Check out a free resource to prepare for the new digital LSAT test at Khan Academy, an LSAC partner. The new format should be good for all. Let’s hope the rollout is successful! The LSAT plays a significant role in law school admissions. You need to be able to analyze your score, determine if you should retake the exam, and then choose which law schools to apply to based on your competitiveness. Check out Accepted’s Law School Admissions Services and work one-on-one with an expert advisor who will help you with your LSAT strategy and any other components of your application! Christine Carr is a Harvard graduate with over 15 years of admissions experience, including nine years as Associate Director of Admissions at Boston University School of Law. She has read over 10,000 personal statements and counseled thousands of prospective applicants through the application process  Want Christine to help you get Accepted? Click here to get in touch! Related Resources: †¢ 5 Fatal Flaws to Avoid in Your Law School Personal Statement, a free guide †¢ The New Digital LSAT: Everything You Need to Know †¢ Acing the LSAT, a podcast episode

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Young Goodman Browns Transformation - 1083 Words

Goodman Brown in the short story â€Å"Young Goodman Brown† by Nathaniel Hawthorne goes on a journey into the woods to meet a stranger which ultimately changes his life. His blind faith in his religion makes him believe that all people are good. Goodman Brown is a trusting, naive man in the beginning if the story but witnesses a witch ceremony that changes his personality drastically. Seeing his family and his neighbors taking part in the sinful act changes his outlook on life and his outlook on their personalities as well. Brown’s blind faith in people and his naivety make the shock of what he sees in the woods turn him into an untrusting, paranoid man. Young Goodman Brown goes from being overly trusting to becoming a paranoid, untrusting†¦show more content†¦Due to his naivety, Goodman Brown continues on his journey with the stranger, to spite what Faith and his instincts tell him, which ultimately turns him into a corrupted man. When the reader first meets Goodman Brown he is departing from his young wife, Faith. Faith urges young Goodman Brown to stay with her and not go on his journey but he refuses, assuring her that his journey is one of no real danger: A lone woman is troubled with such dreams and such thoughts, that shes afeared of herself, sometimes. [†¦] My journey, as thou callest it, forth and back again, must needs be done twixt now and sunrise (620). Faith tells Goodman Brown about nightmares she has been having and how she wishes that he will stay beside her. Goodman Brown ignores her warnings and continues on his journey as if it is just a trip to the grocery store. After meeting the stranger, Goodman Brown inquires about turning back but the stranger has other ideas in mind: Let us walk on, nevertheless, reasoning as we go, and if I convince thee not thou shalt turn back, We are but a little way in the forest yet. Too far, too far!’ exclaimed the Goodman, unconsciously resuming his walk (621). The stranger wants Goodman Brown to continue on his path, and even though young Goodman Brown desires to turn back towards Faith, he is easily swayed to keep walking with the stranger. Hawthorn says he unconsciously resumes his walk,Show MoreRelated Analysis of Setting in Young Goodman Brown Essays877 Words   |  4 PagesAn analysis of the setting in Nathaniel Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown In the story of Young Goodman Brown setting plays an important role. It provides symbolism to certain events and provokes emotions amongst the characters, especially those of Goodman Brown. The story of Young Goodman Brown is that of a man on an adventure to feed his curiosity and to visit the dark side of his Puritan town. Once he arrives at the destination of his adventure, he realizes that many of his elders haveRead MoreAnalysis Of Young Goodman Brown 1285 Words   |  6 PagesPerceiÃŽ ½ed through the archetypal lens, the short story, Young Goodman Brown, by Nathaniel Hawthorne asserts the uniÃŽ ½ersal idea that eÃŽ ½il lurks within eÃŽ ½ery man. Taken as a whole, the work conÃŽ ½eys that humanity can easily fall ÃŽ ½ictim to innate selfish instincts as well as society’s damaging influences. The main character, Young Goodman Brown, treks on a journey that challenges him to uphold his innocence and his belief in a decent mankind as he discoÃŽ ½ers corruption in people. T he allegory—a storyRead MoreEssay on Rip Van Winkle1682 Words   |  7 PagesThe characters in Rip Van Winkle and Young Goodman Brown written respectively by Washington Irving and Nathaniel Hawthorne leave their individual communities and return with radically different perspectives (of their current lives) that change their attitudes and way of life in the remaining of their lives. Both stories are set in early American villages, Young Goodman Brown takes place in the 1700’s New England puritan settlement while Rip Van Winkle takes place over 100 years later in an EnglishRead More The Heros Journey in Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown Essay example1249 Words   |  5 PagesThe Heros Journey in Young Goodman Brown nbsp; Faith is accepting what you are taught or told without trying to prove or disprove it, rather than discovering it through experience.nbsp;Those who believe in God have faith. It has not been proven that God exists; similarly, it has not been proven that humans are kind, honest, and good by nature. Young Goodman Brown is a character in Young Goodman Brown, who leaves his known world in Salem village and travels an unknown road in a dark forestRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Young Goodman Brown And Other Hawthorne Short Stories 922 Words   |  4 Pagesjourney in the forest ends with a life changing experience. Hawthorne, Nathaniel. Young Goodman Brown and Other Hawthorne Short Stories. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 July 2015. This article includes the pervasiveness and secrecy of sin and evil alive within people. The focal point is that Brown is introduced in the story as a man of faith, but the reader slowly discovers that even the purest man can change. Brown transformation occurs as he enters into the dark forest, which can be seen as a sinful act andRead MoreThe Black Cat, By Edgar Allan Poe1240 Words   |  5 Pagesshort story â€Å"The Black Cat† and Nathaniel Hawthorne’s â€Å"Young Goodman Brown† feature allegorical representations of characters deceiving themselves in order to deny the darker aspects of their inner selves. In Poe’s â€Å"The Black Cat,† the narrator denies the darker aspects of his soul by abstracting his horrific actions with spectral evidence in order to externalize the psychological effects of his guilt. In his allegorical tale â€Å"Young Goodman Brown,† Hawthorne criticizes the Puritan doctrine of graceRead MoreLiterary Analyzes Of Young Goodman Brown1746 Words   |  7 PagesLiterary analyzes of Young Goodman Brown Young goodman brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne is a story about a normal man that ventures into the forest to meet an old man who attempts to tempt him into going deeper into the woods to worship the devil. After the old man convinces him that everyone that he loves and respects is going to the devil’s ceremony he gives in. In Young Goodman Brown, Hawthorne effectively uses the personality and psychology of the Characters along with symbolism to portray the themeRead MoreCompairison of Young Goodman Brown and No Country For Old Men900 Words   |  4 PagesThe story Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne depicts a man whose inner desire is to experience the evil forbidden forest, as well as retaining his image as a, â€Å"good and honest Christian.† This internal conflict is also portrayed in the movie No Country for Old Men, which was directed and written by the Coen brothers. In the movie the main character, Llewellyn Moss, is confronted with the moral dilemma of eit her keeping the drug money he found or calling the police. Although he morally makesRead MoreComparison Between A Good Man And Young Goodman Brown 798 Words   |  4 PagesBoth â€Å"A Good Man is Hard to Find â€Å"and â€Å"Young Goodman Brown† has the elements of religious belief using allusions and moral coding. When comparing the main characters of both short story, it’s interesting how they compare and contrast on their beliefs. In â€Å"A Good Man is Hard to Find,† Young Goodman Brown undergoes a transformation that shifts from similarities of the grandmother to the Misfit. With beliefs alike to both the Misfits and the grandmother’s, Brown’s persona alters from his naive viewsRead More Transcendentalism and Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown Essay3499 Words   |  14 PagesTranscendentalism and â€Å"Young Goodman Brown†      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   â€Å"Young Goodman Brown† manifests characteristics of the onetime Transcendentalist beliefs of its author in its abundance of symbolism and in its emphasis on individuality and personal responsibility.    Let us briefly review the life of the author up to and including his brief acceptance of Transcendentalism. Nathaniel Hawthorne was born on July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, to a family that had been prominent in the area since colonial

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Legacy Of Health Care Reform Essay - 1403 Words

Health care reform is not a new concept in fact it has a long history in this country and has been on many political platforms. In 1948 Harry Truman had national health insurance on his campaign platform as part of the new deal but it never came to fruition due to democratic opposition and socialist fears (Christiansen, 2012). In 1965 president Johnson did have some success with signing Medicare and Medicaid into the social security act as well as President Nixon with the Health Maintenance Organization Act (Christiansen, 2012). In the years following many other presidents have tried with little success to fill the gaps in health care coverage. Under President Reagan’s administration the Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act attempted to help with prescription drug coverage only to be repealed in 1989. President Clinton also tried for insurance reforms but he could not gain enough support for his plans. In 2003 President Bush was finally able to sign in the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act so that after 38 years seniors on the Medicare program would finally have prescription benefits (Thomas, Lee, Lipton, 2004). Moving forward again to 2009 a bill was introduced and then signed by President Obama in 2010 is what is now known as the Affordable Health Care Act. It has been met with both praise and criticism. The Affordable Health Care Act (ACA) was created with 3 primary goals in mind they are to make health insurance affordable and available toShow MoreRelatedBarack Obama s Accomplishments And Challenges Essay1718 Words   |  7 PagesPresident Barack Obama is seen as one of the most controversial presidents in the recent U.S. history. This paper will examine Obama s legacy by introducing his background prior to the white House; analyze Obama’s major accomplishments and challenges in the past 8 years. As well as examines the internal opposition force from the other branches of the government Obama faced when conducting domestic policy. Obama was born on August 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii, to a white mother from Kansas, StanleyRead MoreBill Clinton: How Will He Be Remembered1498 Words   |  6 Pagesdropped the crime rate, dropped our nations poverty levels and had some victories with international policies. At the same time we have health care that is falling apart, some problems with the military and a scandalous affair. Considering this one has to wonder what his legacy will be. A respected leader who learned as he went and made many valuable reforms? Or a president who didnt hold to his promises, and lied to the country? President Clinton has done many things during his presidency. SomeRead MorePolicy Making and the Federal System Essay841 Words   |  4 PagesSystem Obama’s Care â€Å"Medicaid – not Medicare Frances Johnson POL: 201 American National Government Instructor, Carol Parker July 12th, 2012 During the 2008 federal campaign, Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama placed comprehensive health care reform at the centre of his platform. In the light of the growing problems facing the US health care system, the time seemed ripe for another attempt to control health costs while expanding insurance coverageRead MoreThe Impacts Of European Colonization1193 Words   |  5 PagesIntroduction Cambodia holds an affluent and alluring history. Throughout this paper the writer will discuss different topics impacting Cambodia’s history, positive and negative impact of colonization, economic, political, cultural and social legacies, and to answer if western countries or colonizer are responsible to help solve some of the lasting problems of colonization. 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None Provided23 Essay Example For Students

None Provided23 Essay The Free Will Defense and The Problem of Evil After the World War II and the Holocaust, many Jewish and Christian people were left wondering why God would let such a thing happen. Many felt estranged, as if God had somehow abandoned them in their most desperate time of need. The world needed an explanation as to why God would let such a thing happen to his so-called children. This need for an explanation of why evil exists in a world that is supposed to have been created by an all-powerful and all-loving God has plagued religious believers for centuries. Because of this need, many scholars have sought out explanations. This search for an answer to the problem of evil has resulted in many theodicies, or defenses of God in view of the existence of evil. One such defense is known as the free will defense. The free will defense attempts to combat the problem of evil by rationalizing that evil is the result human action and therefore, God is not to be held accountable for it. This essay w ill discuss both the strengths and weaknesses of the free will defense. Before we can discuss the free will defense, we must define the different types of evil that exist. Philosophers distinguish between two types of evil that exist in this world, natural evil and moral evil. Natural evils are those evils that occur that are outside of our control, or more simply put, the evils exist in nature. These evils include natural disasters like earth quakes, floods, and tornados. They also include other forms of chance occurrences that are out of our control. Moral evils, on the other hand, are the evils that are in the control of humans and result from human action. They include things such as murder, rape, theft, etc. Evil, both natural and moral, creates many problems and contradictions regarding the existence of God. One such problem that has been created by the existence and abundance of evil in the world can be summed up into one logical argument: God is supposed to be all-loving and all-powerful, but how can he be all-loving and all-powerful and at the same time allow the existence of evil and suffering in this world. This is essentially the idea behind the problem of evil for many believers. It is also the basis for the argument that many disbelievers use to disprove the existence of God. There are many approaches taken by theologians to answer the problem mentioned above. The free will defense, in particular, is one of the most popular approaches. This approach makes its argument by attacking the purposed idea that an all-loving and all-powerful God cannot exist in a world where evil exists and is in abundance. The argument says that when God created humans, he gave us was the ability to choose our course of actions for ourselves. He did this because He wanted us to have the ability to choose on our own between right and wrong, good and evil, and believing in Him or not. God could not create humans without giving them free will. If He had done so, then human itys faith in God and their actions of piousness would mean nothing. We would essentially be robots. That is why God gave us free will, despite knowing that it would result in evil, suffering, and the questioning of his existence. The argument goes on to state that since humanity has free will, they are responsible for their own actions. The evil that exists in this world and the bad things that result from it are a direct result of human action. Humanity may be tempted by the appeal of evil, but regardless of this, it is still humanitys choice of whether or not to choose to commit evil. If humanity does indeed choose to commit evil, it is their fault, not Gods. Therefore, humanity is held accountable, not God, for the presence of evil in the world, because the choice to sin was made by humanity alone. Regarding the free will defense, some philosophers and theologians, like Ediegar Burkovitz, believe that while God is not held accountable in the here and now, he is held accountable in the afterlife. God may not be responsible for the evil that we create in this world, but He is responsible for giving us free will. God knew that humanity was bound to choose evil, because we are imperfect, and therefore, He is in some way responsible. All the innocent people that suffered because of the evil acts of others must be compensated in the afterlife for being faithful to God, in spite their suffering. This is why some believe that for the free will defense to work, there must be a dimension beyond time and history where all suffering finds its course. Biblical support of the free will defense can be seen in the story of Adam and Eve. In story of Genesis, God created a perfect world for Adam and Eve to live in, The Garden of Eden, where they had no need for want or sin. Adam and Eve might have had no need to sin, but God gave them the ability to choose their actions for themselves. Both Adam and Eve were tempted by the Devil to rebel against Gods commands and chose to s in. They made this choice of their own accord. This example of the Original Sin shows that when God first created humanity, He valued moral independence so highly that He gave humanity a sense of free will, despite knowing that they might choose to commit evil. It also reinforces the idea that humanity is responsible for its plight and the existence of evil in the world today. The free will defense is such a popular theodicy because it has such a logical way of explaining evil. It forces humanity to hold itself accountable for the evil that exists in the world and it gives good reasons for why this evil exists. As the logic goes, God could not eliminate evil without at the same time rendering it impossible to accomplish other goals that are important to Him. Certainly, for God to create human beings that are capable of sustaining a personal relationship with Him, they must be beings that are capable of freely loving Him and following His will without coercion. Unfortunately, the log ic of the argument fails when approached from certain angles. The free will defense provides a good explanation as to why moral evil exists in the world, but in order for the free will defense to work, it must adequately explain not only moral evil, but natural evil as well. This is where the free will defense is weakest. Some might argue that there are evil forces in the world that cause natural evil, and because of this God is not responsible for these evils. There is no proof, however, that such evil forces exist, so this argument fails. Others argue that humans indirectly cause natural evil, for example, floods caused due to deforestation. However, this argument fails too, because there are countless other natural evils that are not caused in any way by humans, like hurricanes or tornados. Natural evils that exist in the world are not the result of human action, but that of nature, which is attributed to God. The free will defense essentially fails to free God of the responsibil ity of natural evil; therefore, the free will defense cannot adequately answer the problem of natural evil since natural evil is not the result of human action. The free will defense is not entirely infallible when applied to moral evil either. One philosopher who has found flaw in this argument is John Mackie. Mackies argument is that, If God has made men such that in their free choices they sometimes prefer what is good and sometimes what is evil, why could he not have made men such that they always freely choose the good? Religions response to this argument is that if God had done this then it would still limit humanitys free will by not allowing humanity the ability to choose the bad in addition to the good. Mackie responds by saying that the church contradicts itself when it says that free will cannot exist in such a state because when the church seeks a happier or more perfect state of affairs than now existsthey are explicitly recognizing the possibility of a state of affairs in which created beings always freely choose the good. By this logic, Mackie is able to prove that it was indeed possible for God to create a world in which suffering does not exist in such abundance. Therefore, God is in some way accountable for the suffering that exists in this world, because he could have prevented it and still maintained free will. The free will defense is a very functional way of approaching evil in this world. It allows people to logically understand and accept the fact that evil is able to exist in a world that an all-knowing and all-powerful God created. This defense is not infallible; in fact, it has several flaws and critics. It does, however, adequately answer the problem of evil for many believers. It might not be able to turn the disbeliever into a believer, but it will provide assurance for those who feel doubt in their religious faith because of the abundance of evil that exists in the world. Theodicies are an important thing for the believer. The be liever must know that God is just, all-loving, and all-powerful, for his faith the be strong, and I believe, despite the inconsistencies in the argument, that the free will defense does indeed assure these things. 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